India, US and Japan hold naval exercises under China’s gaze

ATLANTIC OCEAN (July 23, 2008) The aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) navigates in the Atlantic Ocean during integrated French and American carrier qualifications and cyclic flight operations. The Theodore Roosevelt Carrier Strike Group is participating in Joint Task Force Exercise "Operation Brimstone" off the Atlantic coast. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Jonathan Snyder (Released)

NEW DELHI  — Naval warships, aircraft carriers and submarines from the U.S., India and Japan steamed into the Bay of Bengal on Saturday as they took part in joint exercises off India’s east coast, signaling the growing strategic ties between the three countries as they face up to a rising China.

The sea drills, part of the six-day-long Malabar exercises, will cover the full spectrum of naval maneuvers, including -to- coordination and anti-submarine warfare, according to a joint statement.

The first, or “harbor,” phase of the exercises was conducted in the southern Indian port city of Chennai and ended Friday.

The U.S. has deployed the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt, a missile cruiser and a nuclear-powered submarine for the exercises, which end Monday.

“India and Japan both are fantastic partners of the United States,” Capt. Craig Clapperton, commanding of the USS Theodore Roosevelt, told reporters on board the ship. “We share a great deal in common, and we certainly have very strong economic, and political relationships and friendships with India and Japan.”

However, a Chinese state-run newspaper cautioned India to guard against being drawn into an anti-China alliance.

“The China-India relationship is on a sound track, and healthy ties are beneficial to both countries,” the Global Times said. “India should be vigilant to any intentions of roping it into an anti-China camp.”

Almost simultaneously, China’s People’s Liberation and the Indian are conducting joint counterterrorism exercises in Kunming in southwestern China.

China has been wary of joint maritime exercises by India and the United States, especially when Beijing is involved in a host of disputes with Japan, South Korea and several of its Southeast Asian neighbors in the South China Sea.

This year’s Malabar exercises are being held against the backdrop of expectations that the U.S. might directly challenge Chinese claims in the South China Sea by sailing a ship inside the 12-nautical-mile (21-kilometer) territorial limit surrounding an artificial island built by China.

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