The Army will pay up to $1,000 a month in aviation incentives, the first increases it has offered in decades, as it tries to remain competitive with commercial airlines offering higher salaries.
The higher pay, which covers most pilots in the Army, Army National Guard and Army Reserve, became effective Jan. 1.
“This increase in (incentive pay), the first for Army pilots in over 20 years … is just one of many efforts underway to maintain aviation readiness and ensure support to the joint force,” Maj. Gen. David J. Francis, head of the U.S. Army Aviation Center of Excellence, said in a statement Friday.
Pilots with two years of Army service would receive $125 a month and those with more than 10 years of service would get $1,000 monthly under the new bonus plan, the Army statement said.
The monthly incentive rates hadn’t increased since 1999, when they represented almost 25% of base pay. Last year, incentive pay was equal to about 11% of base salary, the service statement said.
The Army also offers targeted retention bonuses to midcareer and senior pilots.
Last year, the Army’s pilot attrition rate grew to a record 10% of its force, due largely to aging aviators and competition. More than 40% of its warrant officers had more than 17 years of service, Army officials said in April.
Each of the Pentagon services has struggled to retain pilots, who are often lured away from the military by companies offering enticements such as signing bonuses, tuition reimbursement and a more predictable work schedule.
The exodus is likely to get worse. In North America alone, airlines will require some 200,000 new pilots in the next two decades as older pilots retire, industry analysts have predicted.
The other services also offer monthly incentive pay and have recently upped their retention bonuses.
The Navy will pay pilots $175,000 in bonuses over five years for staying in the service, it announced last month. The size of the bonus depends on the aircraft and length of reenlistment.
The Marine Corps in December announced it was offering bonuses of between $45,000 and $280,000 to reserve pilots who are willing to return to the cockpit.
The Air Force faced a shortage of about 2,000 pilots – 800 active duty and around 1,120 reserve pilots – at the end of 2018. The Rand Corp. has estimated that the active duty pilot deficit will double to around 1,600 by 2023.
Although the Air Force says its pilot retention rate has improved, the airlines value the aviators because they require only brief retraining before they receive a type rating for a commercial jet.
Similarly, Army helicopter pilots need just 90 days of additional fixed-wing training to qualify for a type rating.
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